Altitude Acclimatisation Rules
Below is a range of symptoms for the range of AMS, In the case of headache get the affected person to drink plenty of fluids and take medication for headaches (such as panodol etc.) and see if the symptoms disappear.
Vomiting once or even twice may not be a dangerous condition if they feel better and repeat occurrences disappear. Avoid ascending high until they feel better and the reoccurrence of vomiting is absent. Consider food poisoning and other illnesses, which may be the cause of the condition or on the other hand may be masking altitude sickness.
Altitude Sickness Symptoms
Acute altitude sickness may be associated with any combination of the following symptoms:
Shortness of breath during exertion
Swelling of extremities
People with acute altitude sickness often attribute their symptoms to other causes such as an uncomfortable bed, bad food, or a hangover. However, it is important to recognize that these symptoms may indicate a high altitude illness.
High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), an advanced form of acute altitude sickness, causes the following progression of symptoms:
Shortness of breath at rest
Wet cough with frothy sputum
Onset of HAPE can be gradual or sudden. HAPE typically occurs after more than one day spent at high altitude.
High altitude cerebral edema (HACE) can begin with confusion.
A person developing HACE begins having trouble keeping up with the group.
Next, walking and coordination become impaired.
As the brain continues to swell, lethargy and then coma will develop.
If left untreated, HACE will ultimately result in death, the gap from mild HACE to HACE with permanent disabilities is as thin as a piece of paper.
Some of the side effects you can experience while using Diamox can be but not limited to are dizziness, lightheadedness, and an increased amount of urine may occur, especially during the first few days as your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. Many of these can closely mimic AMS, HACE, HAPE so always speak to your trek leader when any symptoms present.